UN Arms Embargo and Civil War in South Sudan

UNSC accepted the resolution imposing the arms embargo on South Sudan. Now following this, UN members are called to prevent the sale, supply, transfer of arms and related and related material, and also withhold any training, technical or financial assistance related to the military. However, it exempts other humanitarian activities in this young countries.
South Sudan Position

Civil War in South Sudan

In 2013, tensions between factions loyal to President Salva Kiir, of the Dinka ethnic group, and those aligned with his former Vice President, Riek Machar, of theNuer ethnic group, exploded into fighting on the streets of Juba, the capital city. Since then, the civil war has ruined the country. Despite of several efforts to maintain peace, the International community and the UN has not gained any substantial achievement.

South Sudan Timeline

1956 - The Republic of Sudan gained Independence from British Empire
1972-83 - First Sudanese Civil War, Southern Sudan Autonomous Region formed
2005 - Comprehensive Peace Agreement Signed (after Second Sudanese Civil War)
2011 - Agreement allowed a referendum, residents of Southern Sudan voted for Independence.
2013 - Tension between President and former Vice President and their respective communities began another civil war which tore communities apart and left thousands dead.
2014 - Peace agreement between Governemnt and SSDM/A - Cobra Faction, Creation of the semi-autonomous Greater Pibor Administrative.
2015 - Peace agreement between Government and SPLM-IO; Riek Machar once again became Vice-President of Sudan again.
2016 -   Cobra Faction merges with SPLM-IO-allied Greater Pibor Forces
Post 2016 - Violence continues
2018 - UNSC Arms Embargo through UNSC Resolution 2428

Where is South Sudan?

The youngest country of world South Sudan is a landlocked country in Africa situated in the south of Sudan. Its population is around 30 million. It is surrounded by six other countries, Ethiopia in east, Uganda in South, Kenya in South-East, The Central African Republic in West, Republic of Sudan in North, and Democratic Republic of Congo in South-West.

How member countries voted for UNSC 2428:

The UNSC Resolution 2428 gained 9 votes in favor and none against, however, 6 members abstained.

  • United Kingdom, United States, Sweden, Poland, Ivory Coast, France, Kuwait, Netherlands, and Peru voted YES
  • Bolivia, China, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Russia abstained from voting.

India's Stand

Currently, India is not a member of the UN Security Council so it has no vote. However, India has good diplomatic relation with South Sudan with respective embassies in other's capital.

President Salva Kiir attended the Third India Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi in October 2015, and also held a bilateral meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the first state visit by a South Sudanese President to India.

As many as around thousand Indians have their businesses and work in South Sudan, and also around 2000+ peacekeepers and police are stationed there. During civil unrest, India deployed to C-17 Globemaster of Indian Air Force to evacuate in Operation Sankat Mochan. 

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