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The caste system in India


The caste system in India is a system of social stratification, which is now also used as a basis for affirmative action. Historically, it separated communities into thousands  of  endogamous hereditary groups called Jātis, which is synonymous with caste in contemporary usage. The Jātis were grouped by the Brahminical texts into four categories or varnas: Brahmins,  Kshatriyas, Vaishyas  and Shudras. Certain groups, now known as “Dalits”, were excluded from… Read More

The National Security Council (NSC)

National Security Council (NSC)

The National Security Council (NSC) of India is the apex agency looking into the country’s political, economic, energy and strategic security concerns. It was established by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government on 19 November 1998, with Brajesh Mishra as the first National Security Adviser. Prior to the formation of the NSC, these activities were overseen by the Principal Secretaryto the Prime Minister.… Read More

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)


The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and… Read More

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The Israeli–Palestinian

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century and now into the 21st century. The conflict is wide-ranging, and the term is sometimes also used in reference to the earlier sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine, between the Zionist yishuv and the Arab population under British rule. The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has formed the core part of the wider Arab–Israeli… Read More

First in India

First in India

The first President of Indian Republic – Dr. Rajendra Prasad The first Prime Minister of free India – Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru The first Indian to win Nobel Prize – Rabindranath Tagore The first President of Indian National Congress – W.C. Banerjee The first Muslim President of Indian National Congress – Badruddin Tayyabji The first… Read More

Indian economy

economy of India

The economy of India is the tenth-largest in the world by nominal GDP and the third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). The country is one of the G-20 major economies and a member of BRICS. India is the 19th-largest exporter and the 10th-largest importer in the world. The independence-era Indian economy (from 1947 to 1991)… Read More

The Radcliffe Line

Radcliffe Line

The Radcliffe Line became the international border between India and Pakistan (which also included what is now Bangladesh) during the partition of India. The line divided Bengal into Indian held West Bengal and East Bengal which became East Pakistan. The line was decided by the Border Commissions headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, who was to… Read More

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

National Human Rights Commission

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is an autonomous public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993. It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA). The NHRC is the national human rights institution, responsible for the… Read More

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)


The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded on April 26 1961, and is working on issues regarding the conservation, research and restoration of the environment, formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in Canada and the United States. It is the world’s largest independent conservation… Read More

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam usually referred as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is an Indian scientist and administrator who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, studied physics at the St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, and aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of… Read More