Sunday, May 17, 2020

IAS Exam 2020 - UPSC to announce new dates

May 17, 2020 0
New dates for UPSC civil services exam, commonly known as IAS Exam 2020 is expected soon as NTA and CBSE have already announced their exam dates.

The preliminary test of IAS exam was scheduled on 31st May but due to ongoing COVID crisis and lockdown, UPSC had to postpone the exam until further notice.

Since the third phase of lockdown ends now many activities have begun in cities. It is expected from UPSC to let aspirants know expected duration if not final dates.

Number of candidates in IAS Exams

Every year more than 10 lakh candidates apply for the exam but only around 50 per cent of applicants appear in the exam. In 2006, these numbers were 3 lakh 83 thousand (applicants) and 1 Lakh 95 thousand (appeared candidates), now it has increased to approx 12-13 lakhs applicants in 2020.

In the view of increasing competition, the governments (states/union) and few government universities have initiated preparation help program for candidates belonging to the weaker section of society. 

Centre of exams are all across India and most of them are in cities, thus for the candidates will have to trave in masses. And, in these times, such travel from villages to cities may increase the risk of spreading the coronavirus. 

Old Dates of IAS Exam 2020 (Preliminary Test)

Date of Notification: 12 February 2020
Last Date for Registration: 3 March 2020
Duration of Exa: One Day
Number of Papers: 2
The number of vacancies: 796

Cut-Off of Previous Year IAS Exams

Cut-off of unreserved categories seats of the previous year exams are as follows:
  • 2016 - 116
  • 2017 - 105
  • 2018 - 98

Wednesday, October 31, 2018

IAS Exam Dates for 2019

October 31, 2018 3

UPSC has already announced dates for IAS Exams to be conducted in 2019. So far no change of any kind has been reported in exam pattern, syllabus or age. Current age limit for unreserved category student is 32 years and the maximum number of attempts is 6.

Following are IAS Exam Dates for 2019

  • Filling of forms for the 2019 Preliminary Exam will open from 19 February 2019 to 18 March 2019.
  • Preliminary Exam is scheduled to be conducted on  2 June 2019 (Sunday).
  • IAS Mains Exam will start from 20 September 2019 (for five days).
This is now high time to start serious preparation in case you are aspiring to become an IAS officer this through 2019 exam as only Eight months are left for Preliminary exams (October to May).

Don't postpone your preparation for next year because there will never be a perfect time to start preparing. IAS exam dates are eight months ahead and trust me eight months are not too less time to prepare for Preliminary exams.

Don't try to acquire all the knowledge of the universe while preparing, build a smart study strategy. Use your time smartly and read from authentic sources. 

Don't do all day long in-depth research on one particular topic, stick to the schedule as planned.

Self-evaluation is something you must not ignore. Focus on areas of your weakness.

Revision is key to success - follow 20-80 Rule: Read new things for 20 percent of the available time and revise for rest of 80 percent available time.

You can read complete detail regarding this exam its syllabus, dates, etc here

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Geography and Public Administration as Optional Subject

October 30, 2018 0

In my opinion, if you are starting the preparation of IAS Exam and still confused about optional papers don't opt either Geography or Public Administration.

These papers are not high scoring papers in general; if you look at marks obtained by candidates in these two papers you won't find it worth the effort they put in while preparing.

The number of guys opting these two papers are highest, and because of this bar is getting higher every year.

For example, even after getting selected once for IRS with Public Administration, last year's topper Anudeep changed his optional paper in his attempt.

I am not saying you must not choose these papers. In fact, you must opt any of it in case you like a lot, or you have some academic background related to any of these.

But if you are equally bad in all the papers don't go for these two.

Find a better alternative.

Saturday, September 29, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 29, 2018

September 29, 2018 0
current affairs

India Won the Asia Cup for the 7th time

  • In the final match of Asia Cup 2018 (ODI), India defeated Bangladesh in the last delivery.
  • In the entire series India did not lose any match, however, one match ended up as a draw against Afghanistan.
  • Shikhar Dhawan won Man of the Series title.
  • Liton Das was named Man of the Match.
  • Asia Cup 2018 hosted by the United Arab Emirates. Asia Cup 2016 (T20) was hosted in Bangladesh and won by India.
  • First Asia Cup match was held in 1984 in Sharjah, UAE.

Important Supreme Court Judgements in this month

Mosque, Islam, and Ayodhya Dispute

  • Observations in Ismail Faruqui need to be viewed in the context of land acquisition proceedings; not relevant in Ayodhya Title Dispute - SC
  • SC refuses to review 1994 judgment that said ‘mosque is not integral to Islam’
  • The Supreme Court ruled that the civil suit has to be decided on the basis of evidence and that the previous verdict, which was announced during the hearing of the Ayodhya land dispute, has no relevance to it.


  • In a landmark verdict on the Aadhaar Act, the Supreme Court upheld its Constitutional validity.
  • The apex court struck down Section 57 of the Act which allowed private bodies to use Aadhaar number for establishing the identity of the person. 
  • The controversial Section 33(2) of the Aadhaar Act, which makes an exception to the primacy of security of data of an individual and allows an officer of the rank of joint secretary to disclose it in matters of national security, has been revoked by the Supreme Court.


  • The Supreme Court has declared that Section 497 (of IPC) is unconstitutional. Adultery is not a crime. 
  • This judgment has overturned the three previous rulings by the Supreme Court on Section 497.
  • Adultery law under Section 497 views women as a property of men
  • It allows men to file a complaint but doesn't give women the same right

Sabarimala Temple

  • In a landmark judgment, a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court lifted the ban on the entry of women aged 10-50 inside the 800-year-old Sabarimala temple.
  • Women of all ages are now allowed to enter the Ayyappa temple in Sabarimala, Kerala.
  • Devotion cannot be subjected to gender discrimination", the Supreme Court said.

Bhima-Koregaon Arrest

  • No relief to arrested activists. SC has given permission to go ahead with the investigation to Maharashtra Police and refused the demand SIT formation.

Female Genital Mutilation

  • Three judges bench of Supreme court which included Chief Justice of India has referred the case to a larger bench (Constitution Bench).

Live-streaming of court proceedings

  • "Sunlight is the best disinfectant," said the Supreme Court bench headed by CJI and ordered live-streaming and video recording of the court proceedings.
  • The three judges bench observed that live streaming would bring in more transparency in judicial proceedings and effectuate the "public right to know".

Gay Sex - Article 377

  • The Supreme Court, in a landmark judgment which came out in early September, decriminalized gay sex holding that consensual sex between two adults was covered under the right to privacy.
  • A five-judge bench of the Supreme Court headed by CJI Dipak Misra partly struck down Section 377 of Indian Penal Code (IPC) holding it violative of the fundamental right to privacy. 
  • However, the Supreme Court said that Section 377 would continue to be in force in cases of unnatural sex with animals and children.

Friday, September 28, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 28, 2018

September 28, 2018 0
daily current affairs

World Rabies Day - 28 September

  • World Rabies Day is celebrated on 28th September to increase awareness about rabies prevention.
  • The subject of 2018 'Rabies: Share the message. Save life '.
  • This day marks the death anniversary of Louis Pasteur, French chemist, and microbiologist, who developed the first rabies vaccine.

Global Wetland Outlook

  • The Ramsar Convention has recently issued its first-ever global report on the state of World's wetlands.
  • The report found that around 35% of wetlands were lost between 1970 and 2015.
  • Wetlands include lakes, rivers, marshes and peatlands, as well as coastal and marine areas like lagoons, mangroves and coral reefs.
  • In India, The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is the nodal Ministry for wetlands conservation.
  • Wetlands in India account for 4.7% of the total geographical area.

Economic Freedom Index - India ranked 96th

  • India's 96th place in 162 countries on the Global Economic Freedom Index released by the Center for Civil Society (CCS).
  • In the previous year's report, India was at the 98th place in the index.
  • Hong Kong and Singapore topped the index with the first and second positions respectively.
  • The 2018 report is based on 2016 data.

Model Code of Conduct

  • Election Commission has recently asserted that MCC will come into effect from the day the premature dissolution of an Assembly in a State or a Union Territory is announced.
  • It will remain in force until the new government is formed.

Center boosts grant for SDRF

  • The Government of India has increased its contribution in the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) from 75% to 90% from April 2018.
  • According to the revised guidelines, the Government of India will contribute 90% while the State Relief Fund will contribute 10%.
  • SDRF was established at the state level to meet the rescue and relief expenditure of disaster-affected states.

Largest loan to Argentina from IMF United Nations agency

  • Argentina has received the biggest loan package ever from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • In the next three years, a loan quantity of $ 57 billion is going to be distributed.
  • Its goal is to revive the economy of Argentina.
  • According to the loan agreement, as long as the value of peso remains above the level of 44 Peso per USD the Central Bank of Argentina will not be allowed to intervene in stabilizing its currency.

One-Liner Current Affairs

  • RBI has recently notified that banks are allowed to use up to 15 % (currently 13%) of holdings under the SLR reserves to meet their liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) requirements.
  • NASA's Mars orbiter has recently spotted Opportunity Rover on the red planet for the first time since it went into hibernation after a dust storm.
  • The government has set up an 8-member Lokpal Search Committee under the chairmanship of Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai, a judge of the Supreme Court, Justice.
  • India and United Nations signed India-United Nations Sustainable Development Framework (UNSDF) for 2018-2022.

Thursday, September 27, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 27, 2018

September 27, 2018 0
daily current affairs

Highest UN Environment Award to PM Modi

  • Indian Prime Minister and France President selected to be awarded highest UN Environment award - Champions of the Earth for their International Solar Alliance Initiative.
  1. Lifetime Achievement - Joan Carling, defenders of environmental and indigenous rights
  2. Policy Leadership - Indian PM and French President for ISA initiative and pledge to eliminate single-use plastic in India by 2022
  3. Action and Inspiration China’s Zhejiang’s Green Rural Revival Programme
  4. Entrepreneurial Vision  - Cochin International Airport, India for use of Sustainable energy
  5. Science and Innovation Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods
  • Cochin International Airport is the world’s first solar-powered airport. It runs its entire operations on solar energy.
  • This award was launched in the year 2005 by UNEP to recognize exemplary individuals and organizations whose actions created a positive impact on the environment.

Live streaming of court proceedings allowed

  • The Supreme Court on 26 September 2018 agreed to live-streaming and video recording of court proceedings.
  • The apex court said that necessary rules for balancing rights of public and protecting dignity of litigants will be placed soon.
  • The verdict was passed on a batch of petitions filed by, law student Snehil Tripathi and NGO ‘Centre For Accountability and Systemic Change’ on the issue.

GSTN 100% share acquisition by Govt.

  • Union Cabinet has recently approved increasing the government stake in GSTN to 100 percent from the current 49%.
  • Currently, out of 49% stake owned by govt Centre and states own equal halves. The acquisition of the rest 51% from five non-government institutions will be made by the Central and state governments in equal quantity.
  • The Cabinet also decided to allow a change in the existing composition of the GSTN board.
  • New GSTN board will have a total of 11 directors including a Chairman and a Chief Executive (CEO), 3 directors each will be nominated by the Central and state governments, 3 other independent directors would be nominated by the board of directors.
  • GSTN provides the technical support to the GST by handling massive amounts of data and deals with crucial data sets such as indirect tax returns and refunds.

Astra Missile

  • Astra, indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) successfully tested from Su-30 aircraft.
  • This best in class weapon system comprises a launcher and a missile and having a long range of 110 km and short range of 20 km.

Jan Dhan Darshak App

  • It is a mobile application launched by the Finance Ministry as a part of Financial Inclusion.
  • It is jointly developed by National Informatics Centre and Ministry of Finance.
  • The app provides a citizen-centric platform for locating financial service touch points across all providers such as banks, post office, CSC, etc at a given location in the country.

Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 26, 2018

September 26, 2018 0
daily current affairs

Financial Inclusion Index

  • Department of Financial Services under the Ministry of Finance has launched the Financial Inclusion Index.
  • The index has taken into account three factors viz. access to financial services, usage of financial services and quality of financial services.
  • The index will be a measure of access and usage of various financial products and services.
  • The services include savings, remittances, credit, insurance and pension products.
  • It enables fulfillment of G20 Financial Inclusion Indicators requirements.

Human Capital Score

  • A recent study that ranks countries for their levels of spending on human capital - education and health care has been published in Lancet.
  • The study was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the request of the World Bank.
  • India ranks 158th in the list behind Sudan and ahead of Namibia, in 1990 it was at 162.
  • Finland topped the score while Turkey showed highest jump, USA at 27, China 44, Pakistan 164, Srilanka 102. 

Amitava Roy Panel for Jail reform

  • Supreme Court has recently set up a panel headed by retired SC Judge Amitava Roy Panel to look in to prison reforms and decongest crowded jails.
  • The panel will examine way and means to prevent violence against inmates, get the required legal aid and rehabilitate them.
  • It will also examine the feasibility of setting up more open prisons.
  • It will examine the functioning of undertrial review committees, availability of legal aid and advice, grant of remission, parole, and furlough.

New Telescope in India

  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) are developing a new gamma ray telescope in near the High Altitude Gamma Ray (HAGAR) array at Hanle in Ladakh.
  • It will be the second such telescope to be available globally after the first one is in La Palma in Canary Islands set up jointly by Switzerland and Germany in 2011.
  • HAGAR houses the Indian Astronomical Observatory operated by Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru.

WAYU - Device to clean street air

  • WAYU is a device to clean polluted air in high traffic areas with lots of nearby buildings restricting air flow causing street canyon effect. 
  • The device sucks polluted air and cleans it using activated carbon.
  • National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur-based laboratory's of CSIR has developed it.

New Police Forces Rules for UTs

  • Ministry of Home Affairs has recently notified new rules amalgamating police forces in six Union Territories.
  • The rules effectively mean that officers who are not direct IPS recruits could be posted in any of the six UTs and will be at the disposal of the Ministry.
  • It would include personnel currently employed in the Delhi Police, A&N Islands Police, Lakshadweep Police, Daman & Diu Police, Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police and Chandigarh Police.
  • The Rules will come into effect upon the promotion or direct recruitment of Inspectors to the post of ACP.
  • It is being viewed as the first step towards the creation of a central police cadre allowing for the posting of police personnel across the country irrespective of the force they are initially inducted into.


  • Brazilian scientists have recently identified four young asteroids (less than 7 million years old) orbiting between Mars and Jupiter along with other 700 asteroids in the same main asteroid belt.
  • It is an interactive web interface that allows a person to report on hornbills anywhere in India. It was launched by Scientists from Nature Conservation Foundation and Conservation India. Hornbills play essential roles in forest ecosystems as dispersers of seeds of forest plants.

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 25, 2018

September 25, 2018 0
daily current affairs digest

Govt to roll out e-Vidhan

  • e-Vidhan, part of Digital India Programme, is a Mission Mode Project to digitize and make the functioning of State Legislatures paperless.
  • Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (Nodal Ministry for this project) desires to roll out e-Vidhan as National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA), covering all 40 Houses including two Houses of Parliament and State legislatures.
  • This project was first executed in Himachal Pradesh which made the Shimla Legislative Assembly the first Assembly in India to go paperless in 2014.
  • It can be used by - Government Departments, Chair of Houses to conduct proceeding smoothly, Members of Houses to carry duties, and anyone can access the information on business in legislatures through NeVA mobile app (a workflow based app) deployed on MeghRaj Cloud.

Hyderabad Metro 2nd largest in India

  • Hyderabad Metro Rail (45 km) has now become the second largest metro rail network in India after Delhi Metro(350 km).
  • It is also the world’s largest metro project under the public-private-partnership (PPP) model.

Scientists grew oesophageal organoids

  • Scientists have successfully grown world's first oesophageal organoids (miniature, functional versions of the human food pipe) using pluripotent stem cells.
  • The production of organoids using stem cells paves new ways to study and test drugs against gut disorders.
  • The organ can be affected by congenital diseases called oesophageal atresia - a narrowing or malformation of the esophagus caused by genetic mutations.

Ease of Living Index

  • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has released the state wise ranking of Ease of Living Index to help the cities assess their liveability vis-à-vis national and global benchmarks.
  • Top three are Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh respectively.
  • Ministry has earlier revealed the ranking of cities based on four pillars namely Institutional, Social, Economic and Physical.
  • Three cities in Maharashtra - Pune, Navi Mumbai and Greater Mumbai topped the first Ease of Living Index.
  • The national capital, New Delhi, is ranked 65 among 111 cities, while Chennai is in 14th place. While Kolkata did not participate in the survey.

India International Science Festival

  • Lucknow is all set to host 4th India International Science Festival (IISF) under theme 'Science for Transformation'
  • Ministry of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati is organizing this festival since 2015 (1st hosted in Delhi).
  • Like previous years this year too, World Record attempt will be made, and this time it will be “isolate DNA” by 500 students from class 8th to 10th standard.

Monday, September 24, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 24, 2018

September 24, 2018 0
current affairs

India's 100th Airport

  • PM Narendra Modi inaugurated India's 100th Airport in Sikkim
  • It will be the first airport at 4500 feet above sea level.
  • This new Pakyong Airport is situated near Gangtok, capital of Sikkim.
  • It has been built at a cost of over Rs. 600 crores.

Opposition wins Maldives Presidential election

  • Maldives' opposition candidate Ibrahim Mohamed Solih has won the presidential election.
  • He received 134,616 votes compared to 96,132 votes of incumbent China backed President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom.
  • Gayoom has conceded the defeat followed by hours of silence after the announcement of result by Election Commission.
  • Voter turnout was 89%. Many international observers raised their concern over rigging election in favor of Gayoom.
  • The US and India have welcomed Mr. Solih's win. Mr. Yameen had drawn the Maldives closer to China, which has stepped up its presence in the Indian Ocean in recent years.
  • Mr Solih entered the Parliament for the first time after defeating a ruling party candidate in 1994.
  • He has been representing ‘Lhaviyani Atoll’ in the Maldivian Parliament.
  • Many opposition politicians in the Maldives have been jailed under Mr. Gayoom, and the US and European Union had threatened sanctions before the vote if the democratic situation did not improve.

Flipkart to get new CEO

  • Flipkart co-founder Binny Bansal is likely to be replaced by a new Group CEO in now Walmart controlled Flipkart.
  • Binny Bansal took over this position after its founder Sachin Bansal left the startup.
  • Walmart has acquired a 77 percent stake in Flipkart for $ 16 billion earlier.

Fitch raises India growth forecast

  • Global research agency Fitch raised India’s growth forecast for the current fiscal to 7.8% from the earlier 7.4%.
  • Fitch has revised the forecast for current fiscal ‘on the back of the better-than-expected 2018 outturn’.
  • Fitch’s latest projection for the current fiscal is higher than what is estimated by the Reserve Bank of India (7.4%) and even the Government (7.5%).

‘Village Rockstars’ India's Official Oscars entry

  • Assamese movie ‘Village Rockstars’ has been selected as India’s official entry to the Oscars 2019.
  • This winner of Best Feature film Award at the 65th National Film Awards was directed by Rima Das.
  • The film which had its World Premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival and India premiere at the Mumbai Film Festival 2018.
  • Irrfan Khan’s Doob – No Bed of Roses is Bangladesh’s official entry for Oscars 2019.


  • Nepal's wild tiger population has reached 235, nearly doubling the baseline of around 121 tigers in 2009.
  • US President Donald Trump is going to address UN General Assembly UNGA next week, before that he has said that the United Nations (UN) has not lived up to its "tremendous potential".
  • BRICS Bank's $ 525 mn loans for Indian Infrastructure Development
  • BSNL has inked a pact with Japan’s Softbank and NTT Communications to roll out 5G and internet of things (IoT) technology in India.
  • Japanese space agency’s MINERVA-II1 (Micro-Nano Experimental Robot Vehicle for Asteroid, the second generation) is the world’s first rover to land on the surface of the asteroid Ryugu.​​ It consisted of two rovers, Rover-1A and Rover-1B.

Sunday, September 23, 2018

Current Affairs - Sep 23, 2018

September 23, 2018 0
Current Affairs

PM launched Ayushman Bharat

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) at Ranchi, Jharkhand, on September 23, 2018.
  • Under this scheme, over 10 crore families (i.e. 50 crore people), the poorest 40% of India’s population will be provided with health assurance every year.
  • PMJAY will provide insurance up to Rs. 500,000 per family per year for in-patient secondary and tertiary treatment.
  • A list of 1,350 procedures across 23 specializations, including pre- and post-hospitalization, diagnostics, and medicines have been prepared along with their rates for the scheme.
  • A cadre of frontline health service professionals called Pradhan Mantri Aarogya Mitras (PMAMs) are being trained to facilitate the provision of treatment to beneficiaries at hospitals.

Kakrapar Atomic Power Station

  • Two units of Pressurised heavy water reactors in Kakrapur Atomic Power station recently attained 'criticality', that means now they have attained self-sustaining nuclear fission chain reaction in the reactor (a good thing).
  • Two years ago, KAPS-1 automatically shut down due to a leak of heavy coolant water, leaving both reactors non-operational.
  • Kakrapar Atomic Power Station has total four units divided into KAPS-1 (two units of 220 MW reactors) and KAPS-2 (two units of 700 MW reactors); these went critical for the first time in 1992 and 1993 respectively.

India in Asia Cup Final

  • India secured its place in the final match of 10th Asia Cup Cricket 2018 (ODI).
  • It became confirmed after India defeated Pakistan and Afghanistan's defeat by Bangladesh.
  • Now India will play with the winner of Pakistan vs Bangladesh in final.

India's biggest cyclotron - VECC

  • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) is now India's biggest cyclotron facility after starting its operations last week, it houses the machine, Cyclotron-30.
  • VECC is under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) which is directly under the Prime Minister of India.
  • What is Cyclotron? An apparatus in which charged atomic and subatomic particles are accelerated by an alternating electric field while following an outward spiral or circular path in a magnetic field. This cyclotron facility will produce radioisotopes vital for diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
  • At present, many radioisotopes are imported while some are produced in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and remaining in cyclotrons facilities run by private hospitals.


  • Kenyan runner and Olympic champion Eliud Kipchoge has set a new world record, winning the Berlin marathon in 2 hours, 1 minute and 39 seconds. He broke the record of Kenyan Dennis Kimetto by 1 minute and 18 seconds.
  • The first General Assembly of the International Solar Alliance, ISA, will be inaugurated on the 2nd of October in New Delhi.
  • The Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (KVASU) has set up a flightless bird research center. The center has been set up on the university campus at Pookode in Wayanad district.